Why Are Terpenes Important?
Terpenes are typically associated with the smell and taste of a cannabis strain, but that is just the beginning of their importance. Terpenes affect our overall experience with cannabis, and it is not limited to our primary senses. These abundant and volatile plant compounds play an essential role in how cannabis makes us feel.
Plants of all kids contain terpenes which serve in their survival by protecting them against pests, bacteria, mold, etc. They are also used to attract pollinators to ensure future generations. Much like their chemical cousins, cannabinoids, terpenes are found mainly in the flowers of the female plant. More than 100 terpenes are identified in the cannabis plant, and each has its own therapeutic attributes.
Terpenes Work Together to Alter the Effects of CBD and Other Cannabinoids
In 2011, a neurologist and researcher by the name of Ethan Russo discovered that terpenes work together to boost and modulate the effects of cannabinoids in the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). For many years it was thought that THC was the most crucial plant molecules in the cannabis plant, but now we know it’s only one piece of the puzzle. Russo and his team helped reveal how other cannabinoids, such as CBD, and terpenes could work together to create specific outcomes in the body and brain. As an example, Myrcene increases cell permeability and allows cannabinoids (CBD) to absorb faster than it would on its own. Limonene increases serotonin levels in the brain, which demonstrates the influence in changing our mood. The biological synergy of these plant molecules is referred to as the “entourage effect”.
Terpenes are Also Powerful Molecules on Their Own Accord
On their own, terpenes are potent molecules with their own beneficial properties. An example of this would be cannabis’ most prominent terpene: Myrcene. In studies, this terpene was shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory which helps alleviate pain. Limonene is commonly found in citrus fruits (as well as cannabis) and is shown to boost the immune system and aid digestive issues. Linalool (also found in Lavender) was found to inhibit fungal growth as well as having sedative properties. Reed’s Remedies uses this higher-level cannabis science to blend specific terpenes into each formula to create a targeted effect. Currently, Reed’s Remedies offers five formulas: Sleep, Focus, Detox, Relief, and Calm. To shop Reed’s Remedies click here.